Symbols Encraved on Matará Cross

#1  

The number 1-5-9 and other signs that are not recognizable, which indicate a year. It could be 1594. 

#2

The capital letters “ATA” (#2) along with what appears to be the lower case letters “r” and “a” and other small motifs that are difficult to interpret. Combining all of the letters we have the word “Matará.”

#3 & 4

“A” and an “O”, whose interpretation signifies Alpha (Α) and Omega (Ω) – the begining and the end of all things.

#5-7

Three celestial (or sidereal) symbols are represented: the sun (#5), the moon (#6), and a comet (#7). The sun is the primary symbol of life, of light and of strength, which are also characteristics of our Lord; the moon recalls that Jesus Christ died in the fullness of the Jewish Passover when the full moon was complete; and the comet reminds us of the star that accompanied the Three Kings to Bethlehem.

#8

A crown is supported on the head and behind there is a halo. Around the waist there is a cloth that covers the center of the body, and the feet are shown holding themselves above a support. 

#9

The Eucharist depicted as a chalice with two crossed elements (perhaps of wheat) and over these a representation of the host from the Last Supper.

#10

The figure of a bird, a rooster, which retells the story of Peter denying the Master three times before redemptive crucifixion.

#11

Around the body of Jesus, it is possible to observe the whips which are a symbol of the flagellation

#12

Two points are seen, which are likely to be the dice with which the soldiers cast lots for the Lord’s clothing.

#13

A continuation of Roman letters corresponds to the number 1 and a Greek cross.

#14

The hammer that was used to pierce Christ with the nails

#15

The long stylized nails of the crucifixion

#16

A brilliant feminine figure with a crown and halo that is carrying in her hand a scepter is visible. This figure represents the traits of a Spanish queen, who is without a doubt the Virgin Mary.

#17

The lance that pierced His side

#18

The ladder with which His body was lowered

#19 & 20

Four tongues of fire (#19) spring forth from a common fire and below this there is a figure with the distorted face of a person that with the curious touch of feathers and this could be an indigenous chief (#20).